Summaries of ITALY Earthquakes and JAPAN Earthquakes 2016

      2016/11/02

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Italy Earthquakes

Italians were devastated due to the earthquake happened in August 2016 and they just had another one on October 30th. Below is summary of quick facts of earthquakes.

 

August

Where: 10km southeast of Norcia

When: 3:36a.m. on August 24, 2016

Magnitude: 6.2

300 People were killed

 

The town of Amatrice was damaged terribly and half of it was destroyed.

Cultural heritages, such as rose window of Church of Sant’Agostino were destroyed and the Baths of Caracalla in Rome got cracks.

Whole Italy was shaken and people in Roma, Florence and Bologna felt aftershocks as well.

 

October

italy-earthquake  Source: VIGILI DEL FUOCO/ITALIAN FIREFIGHTERS / AP  

 

Where: Norcia epicenter

When: 7:40 a.m on October 30, 2016

Magnitude: 6.6

 

There were two more earthquakes before this one on October 26. However, the magnitude was 5.4 and 5.9.

Fortunately no one was killed but 20 people were injured.

15,000 Italians lost their homes and became homeless.

 

 

Italy’s Earthquakes since 1900

 

When Where Death Toll
October 2016 Norcia 0
August 2016 Norcia 300
November 1980 Campania 5,000 deaths
January 1915 L’Aquila 30,000 deaths
December 1908 Strait of Messina 200,000 due to earthquake and tsunami
September 1905 Calabria 2,500 killed by tsunami

 

 

 

Comparison between Italy and Japan

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As mentioned in 3 Major Earthquakes in Japan 1900-2016, Japan is hit by earthquakes almost everyday.

Below are summary of earthquakes happened in 2016 in Japan.

 

Kumamoto Earthquakes (熊本地震)

Kumamoto Earthquakes are series of earthquakes occurred in Kumamoto Prefecture. The foreshock with the magnitude 6.2 struck at 9:26p.m. on April 14, 2016, whereas the mainshock with the magnitude 7.0 happened at 1:25a.m. on April 16, 2016.

Due to those two earthquakes, at least 50 people were killed and 3,000 people were injured.

Over 44,000 people were evacuated from their homes.

 

 

Tottori Earthquake (鳥取県中部地震)

Tottori earthquake struck Tottori Prefecture at 2:07p.m. on October 21, 2016. Its magnitude was 6.6 and even Kanto area and Kyu-shu are felt the shake.

Fortunately no one was killed. The damage to the building was concerned because 2 houses were totally collapsed, 7 houses were half collapsed and other 1,600 houses were damaged partially.

Tottori has been experiencing active quakes since October 2015 and researchers say this was the mainshock.

 

 

Why Buildings in Japan don’t collapse?

If an earthquake with magnitude 6 hits cities in Japan, the buildings shouldn’t collapse. This is because Japanese government requires high standard in terms of building structure.

The structure is different from buildings in Italy.

Another reason is that Italy maintains a lot of historical heritages. Japan also has historical heritages but those heritages in Italy are older and weaker.

If Kyoto was struck by a big earthquake, for instance, the damage would be great.

 

 

Conclusion and My Thoughts

I personally think we have to consider about tsunami more than earthquakes. Huge earthquakes are pretty scary for sure. But if you underestimate the possible danger of tsunami, you might die.

The damage of the tragic earthquake in Tohoku area in 2011 was tremendous because of tsunami. If people could get away from tsunami, the number of death toll would have been much lower.

Tsunami is so powerful and it destroys everything- cars, schools, hospitals, buildings, your houses and yourself.

 

If you are in Japan, you should plan where to go in case of emergency. Those victims of Tohoku earthquake didn’t expect that the tsunami would be so huge and destroy everything.

We cannot control the nature so we better prepare in case of emergency.

 

 

 

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 - Natural Disaster